A Fatty Liver Cells Manual
Fatty liver disease consists in the presence of build-up of excess fat in the liver cells and although this condition may cause no damage it can lead to serious complications if the fatty liver symptoms are not early recognized and the disease treated. In fact, it is normal that the liver contains a certain amount of fat but if the fat accounts for more than 10% of the weight of the liver than the presence of the condition is confirmed.
As we mentioned above, in some cases fatty liver may cause no damage but in other cases it can lead to inflammation of the liver. When the liver becomes inflamed a new condition called steatohepatitis arises and causes damage to the liver. Liver inflammation can either be caused by excessive alcohol consumption, condition known as alcoholic steatohepatitis or it is not caused by alcohol abuse case in which the condition is called Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or just NASH. What is the most worrying is that over time the inflammation can lead to the scarring and the hardening of the liver or in medical terms, cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a serious condition that can also be life threatening.
Fatty liver is caused by obesity, diabetes and high triglyceride levels so any individual with these conditions is at risk to develop this ailment. Also, excessive alcohol consumption along with malnutrition which leads to rapid weight loss can lead to fatty liver. It is brought to attention however that individuals with none of the above mentioned conditions have developed fatty liver.
This condition does not cause any symptoms at the beginning and in more advanced stages the patients may experience fatigue, weakness, confusion and abdominal discomfort. A routine checkup may reveal that the liver is slightly enlarged. The diagnosis is confirmed by the blood tests, imaging tests or a liver biopsy. The most commonly used imaging tests to diagnose fatty liver are the ultrasound, MRI and CT scan. The liver biopsy is done under local anesthesia and it consists in removing a sample of liver tissue with a needle. The sample is looked up under a microscope where the medical technologist can observe a fatty liver cells. The cells initially present small fat vacuoles around the nucleus and the more the disease advances the size of the vacuoles increases.
Establishing an accurate diagnosis is crucial in order to follow the right fatty liver treatment. The treatment scheme is established depending on what the underlying cause of the disease is. If the fatty liver is discovered in early stages the treatment is even more effective. However, a fatty liver diet is recommended no matter the cause of the disease. But what is fatty liver diet? It basically means losing weight safely by increasing the physical activity, following a healthy and balanced diet and avoiding alcohol. Fatty liver condition can be prevented by having a healthy diet and normal triglyceride levels.
To conclude, the fatty liver symptoms do not appear in the early stages of the disease and this is why it is important for the people at risk to get checked out on a regular basis.